2. Societies are organized around cohesive sets of worldviews, institutions, and technologies
We can call these sets “WITs.”
In simplest terms, worldviews are mental networks of concepts, beliefs, and values—usually emotionally charged—that allow people to interpret things around them and plan their actions. Worldviews also give people’s lives meaning and therefore some sense of security, so they are resistant to change. Institutions are, broadly, a community’s rules, ranging from formal laws to unwritten social norms about what behavior is appropriate or ethical at specific times and places. Finally, technologies are problem-solving tools that people create by using energy and information to exploit properties of their physical and social environments. These three components are tightly interdependent within each WIT: they influence each other, depend on each other, and so hang together in a cohesive way.